Saturday, September 30, 2017

World Cup Stories-Part 3 (The Third World Cup 1938)-part o

Post World Cup and General (continued)

A.          Repetitions from a previous entry in the blog relevant to 1938:

The First Time ever (only time ever) that players appeared in a pre-War and post-War World Cups was when 1938 participants, the Swiss Alfred Bickel and the Swede Erik Nilsson, appeared in the 1950 World Cup as well.

Photo From: Die Nati, Die Geschichte der Schweizer Fussball-Nationalmanschaft, author Beat Jung, 2006
(Alfed Bickel next to Severino Minelli, who is shaking hands with General of the Swiss Army Henri Guisan)

Photo From: IFFHS, Danmark (1908-1940), Sverige (1908-10940)
(Erik Nilsson, June 9, 1939, Nordic Cup, Sweden 5-Finland 1)

Michele Andreolo-Uruguay and Italy, 1934/1942
Uruguay-born and Nacional Montevideo midfielder Michele Andreolo earned caps for Uruguay in 1934/35.
In 1935, he joined Italy’s Bologna, where he won many League titles.
His displays caught the eye of Italy Manager Vittorio Pozzo and he was selected for his new Nation from 1936 onwards.
He was a member of Italy’s 1938 World Cup winning squad.

 Karl Rappan and the Nazi Authorities
The famous Austrian Manager Karl Rappan had his run-ins with Nazi Officials while he was managing the Swiss National Team. He managed the Swiss National Team during the 1938 World Cup (concurrently with Grasshopper Zurich).
After leading the Swiss to victory over the Germans during the 1938 World Cup, he was ordered by a Nazi Official to leave the lodgings in France where the Swiss squad were residing and return to Munich at once (remember Austria was part of Germany after the Anschlus). He refused this demand/order.
Just after the World Cup, he was approached by another high-ranking Nazi Official and offered (given an ultimatum according to Rappan) to replace Sepp Herberger as Germany’s National Team Manager.
Upon returning to Switzerland, his contract was extended by Grasshopper President Dr. Hoffmann and was asked not to make any hostile comments about Zurich’s German community.

Karl Rappan and Nazi Authorities, 1940s

In 1942 Switzerland were to play Germany in the (then annexed) Vienna.
Switzerland’s Swiss Manager Karl Rappan had to present himself to the German consulate in Zurich, for a medical exam to be mobilized.
Initially, since he had problems with his lungs, he was to be incorporated into an office role.
The Swiss Federation President Robert Zumbuhl interved for Rappan to remain in Switzerland by using his influende with the German Ambassdaor.

Photo From: Coupe Du Monde 1938-La Coupe du Monde Oubliee, Author Victor Sinet
(Switzerland Manager Karl Rappan)

Leonidas and Bicycle Kick
1930s Brazilian star Leonidas (top goalscorer at the 1938 World Cup) is often credited as being the inventor of the Bicycle (overhead) kick.
Most historians are doubtful of that claim and believe perhaps he popularized it but did not actually invent it.

Photo From: L'Auto, Issue 13681, June 5, 1938
(A cartoon of Leonidas) 

Poland striker Ernest Willimowski is mostly remembered for scoring four goals in a losing effort vs. Brazil during the 1938 World Cup.
He was actually born in an area of Poland (Silesia) that was still part of the German Empire in 1916. That area became part of Poland in 1922.
After Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939, he was capped by Germany in the 1940s. He stayed in Germany for the remainder of his life.

Photo From: III Fussballweltmeisterschaft 1938 Frankreich, Author Robert Franta
(Ernest Willimowski)

Brazilian star from the 1930s Domingos da Guia was the father of 1970s player Ademir da Guia.
They are one of the first father-son combinations to have played in a World Cup (Domingos in 1938 and Ademir in 1974).

Photo From: Placar Especial 2006 
(Domingos Da Guia)

B.          Repetitions from 1934 article relevant to 1938:
-Italy Manager Vittorio Pozzo would manage Italy to win the following World Cup in 1938 in France.
He became and still is the only Manager to have managed two World Cup winning sides (as well as consecutive ones).

-Giuseppe Meazza and Giovanni Ferrari were 1938 World Cup winners as well. They were the only 1934 veterans to achieve this distinction. In doing so, they became the first ever players to win the World Cup twice.
Eralso Monzeglio, another 1934 winner, took part only in Italy’s first match vs. Norway 9June 5, 1938, 2-1 win).
Italian Back-up goalkeeper Guido Masetti (November 22, 1907-November 26, 1993) of AS Roma was also part of the 1938 World Cup winning side. He became the only player to be in two World Cup winning sides without playing a single minute in each.

Photo From: Coupe Du Monde 1938-La Coupe du Monde Oubliee, Author Victor Sinet
(Giovanni Ferrari and Giuseppe Meazza)

-Giuseppe Meazza (August 23, 1910- August 21, 1979) would be the Captain of the 1938 World Cup winning side.
The Stadio Giuseppe Meazza (San Siro) in Milan (shared by AC Milan and Internazionale Milano) is named after him.
He played for both clubs, though for the majority of his career he played for Internazionale Milano.

Photo From: L'Auto, Issue 13680, June 4, 1938
(A cartoon of Giuseppe Meazza)

-Italian defender Pietro Rava (January 21, 1916-  November 5, 2006)   was the only player to have been alive during Italy’s four World Cup wins (1934, 1938, 1982, 2006).
He passed away just months after the 2006 triumph.

Photo From: Il Libro Azzurro del Calcio Italiano, Authors Pericle Pratelli, Pasquale Scardillo, 1974
(Pietro Rava)

-Belgium’s Bernard Voorhoof (May 10, 1910-February 18, 1974) along with France’s Etienne Mattler (December 25, 1905-March 23, 1986) and Edmond Delfour (November 1, 1907-December 21, 1990) are the only players who took part in the first three World Cups in the 1930 (1930, 1934 and 1938).
Bernard Voorhoof was nicknamed ‘voorhoofd’ (forehead in Dutch); his 1930 Belgian teammate Nicolaas Hoydonckx called him ‘voor-kop’ (to head).

Photo From: Les Bleus, Author Denis Chaumier, 2004
(Etienne Mattler)

Photo From: Les Bleus, Author Denis Chaumier, 2004
(Edmond Delfour)

-Hungary’s Gyorgy Sarosi (August 5, 1912-June 20, 1993) would captain his Nation in the Final of the 1938 World Cup vs. Italy.
He would go on to manage many Italian clubs in the 1950s including Juventus, AS Roma, Genoa and Bologna.

Photo From: Guerin Sportivo, Issue 988 (Number 12),March 23-29, 1994
(Gyorgy Sarosi)

-While in the 1930 World Cup, 2-3-5 formation was popular by this World Cup; the ‘WM’ Formation of Herbert Chapman was taking hold across Europe.
Germany played in a ‘WM’ (3-2-2-3) formation at the World Cup.
‘WM’ was also known as ‘Sistema’.
In contrast, Vittorio Pozzo and Hugo Meisl had developped ‘Metodo’, which was a ‘WW’ (2-3-2-3) formation.

Photo From: Gazzetta di Mantova, Tutto Mondiali, 1930-1934-1938
(Italy’s tactical formation)

Photo From: Azzurri, Storia della Nazionale di calcio tre volte campioni del Mondo, 1910-1983
(Italy’s tactical formation)

- Austria Rudolf Raftl, Willibald Schmaus and Josef Stroh would be part of the German National Team in the 1938 World Cup. Austrian players were incorporated into the German Team after the Anschlus.

-Apparently the Germans had been hoping to host the 1942 World Cup (If not for World War II…)

-The following players were also present during the 1938 World Cup:
Belgium: Arnold Badjou, Bernard Voorhoof, Andre Vandeweyer, Philibert Smellinckx and Jean Capelle
Brazil: Patesko, Leonidas, Luizinho and Martim Silveira
Czechoslovakia: Frantisek Plánička, Ferdinand Daucik, Jaroslav Boucek, Jaroslav Burgr, Vlastimil Kopecky, Josef Koštálek, Oldrich Nejedlý and Antonin Puč  
France: Gaston Barreau (Coach, part of Technical Commission in 1934), René Llense, Roger Courtois, Etienne Mattler, Jules Vandooren, Alfred Aston, Edmond Delfour, Jean Nicolas and Emile Veinante
Germany:  Fritz Buchloh, Hans Jakob, Paul Janes, Ernst Lehner, Reinhold Munzenberg, Rudolf Raftl, Willibald Schmaus, Otto Siffling, Josef Stroh and Fritz Szepan (Note: Rudolf Raftl, Willibald Schmaus and Josef Stroh were part of the Austrian National team in 1934).
Holland: Gerardus ‘Puck’ van Heel, Wim Andriesen Sr., Kick Smit, Leen Vente, Frank Wels, Mauk Weber, Adri van Male, Bas Paawe and Manager Robert Glendenning
Hungary: Antal Szabo, Gyorgy Szucs, Jeno Vincze, Antal Szalay, György Sárosi, Gyula Lazar          , Jozsef  Hada, Jozsef  Turay, Geza Toldi, Janos Dudas,
Sandor Biro, Gyula Polgar
Italy: Giovanni Ferrari, Guido Masetti, Giuseppe Meazza, Eraldo Monzeglio and Manager Vittorio Pozzo
Romania: Iuliu Baratki, Silviu Bindea, Nicolae Kovaci (aka Nicolae Kovacs), Stefan Dobay, Iuliu Bodola, Rudolf Burger, Lazar Sfera and Manager: Costel Radulescu
Sweden: Sven Jonasson, Tore Keller and Manager Jozsef Nagy
Switzerland: Renato Bizzozero, Willy Huber, Severino Minelli, Albert Guinchard, André ‘Trello’ Abegleen and Leopold Kielholz

-Holland’s Wim Anderiesen (November 27, 1903-July 18, 1944) passed away due to pneumonia.
His son Wim Anderiesen, Jr played for Ajax Amsterdam in the 1950s.

-Germany’s Otto Siffling (August 3, 1912-October 20, 1939) died aged just 27 from Peurisy (inflammation of the lungs).

Photo From: Deutschlands Fussball Nationalspieler, Das Lexicon, Author Jurgen Bitter
(Otto Siffling)

-Karel Johannes Julianus Lotsij (Lotsy) (March 3, 1893-August 29, 1959) was the head of the Dutch Selection Committee.
Many credit him for the improvements in the standards of the Dutch team during his tenure.
After his death, it came to light that during the Dutch Occupation during World War II, he might have been accommodating to the Nazis.
His role is somewhat unclear as accounts vary but his image was tarnished posthumously.

-France’s Alfred Aston (May 16, 1912-February 10, 2003) had an English father and French mother.

Photo From: Coupe Du Monde 1938-La Coupe du Monde Oubliee, Author Victor Sinet
(A cartoon of Alfred Aston)

- France’s Roger Courtois (May 30, 1912-May 5, 1972) was born in Switzerland and had double Nationality (French and Swiss).
In 1940, he had been mobilized as France had entered the War and was taken prisoner.
He decided on a plan to get repatriated to neutral Switzerland.
He went to the Prison Camp Hospital on the pretense of inflammation of lungs that he had from childhood (healed by then).
There he decided not to eat to lose weigtht. In doing so he lost more than 25 pounds and was repatriated to Switzerland in a seemingly ill state.
Once in Switzerland, he resumed his playing career and joined Lausanne.

-Holland’s Puck van Heel held the Dutch Caps record from 1937 until 1979, when Ruud Krol broke it.

-France backup goalkeeper René Llense (July 14, 1913-March 12, 2014) died aged 100.
He was the last surviving participant of this World Cup and in fact of any of the pre-War World Cups.

Photo From: Coupe Du Monde 1938-La Coupe du Monde Oubliee, Author Victor Sinet
(Rene Llense)

Photo From: Calcio Illustrato, Issue 27, June 29, 1938
(Cartoons related to the World Cup)

Le Miroir Des Sports, Issue 1007, June 14, 1938
Gazzetta di Mantova, Tutto Mondiali, 1930-1934-1938
La Grande Storia del Calcio Italiano,  L'apoteosi di Parigi, Issue 8, April 1965
Il Calcio Illustrato, Giugno 1950, Supplemento Al. No 24
Fussball Sonntag, May 29, 1938
Fussball Sonntag, June 12, 1938
Fussball Sonntag, June 19, 1938
Fussball Sonntag, June 26, 1938
France Football, Issue 2717, May 5, 1998
Fussballweltmeisterschaft 1958, Herausgegeben von Dr Friedebert Becker
90 Joer Letzebuerger Footballfederatioun  90 ans Federation Luxembourgeoise de Football
Le Livre D'or du Football 1997, Author Gerard Ejnes
A-Laget, Norges 25 storste fotballspillere gjennom tidene, Authors Svein Saeter, Johan L. Oiestad
år med Svensk Fotboll 1904-84, Author Glanell Thomas red
Azzurri, Storia della Nazionale di calcio tre volte campioni del Mondo, 1910-1983
Bialo Czerwoni 1921-2001, Author Andrzej Gowarzewski
Chronik des deutschen fussballs, 2005
de Internationals, de Historie van Oranje, Authors Matty Verkamman, Henri van der Steen, John Volkers
Deutschlands Fussball Landerspiele, Eine Dokumentation von 1908-1989
Deutschlands Fussball Nationalspieler, Das Lexicon, Author Jurgen Bitter
Die Geschichte der Fussball Nationalmanschaft, Author Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling (Hrsg), 2004
Die Nati, Die Geschichte der Schweizer Fussball-Nationalmanschaft, author Beat Jung, 2006
El Grafico, Libro De Seleccion-La Historia De Argentina En Los Mundiales-De Uruguay 30 A Corea-Japon 2002
France Football, Issue 1862, December 15, 1981
Guerin Sportivo, Issue 988 (Number 12),March 23-29, 1994
Het Nederlands Elftal, De Histoire van Oranje, 1905-1989
Histoire de la Coupe Du Monde, 1930-1982, Author Eric Lahmy, Illustrations by Robert Bressy
Historias Sudamericanas en la Copa del Mundo 1930-2006
History of the World Cup, Author Michael Archer
IFFHS, Danmark (1908-1940), Sverige (1908-10940)
IFFHS, England (1872-1940), Eire (1924-1940), EnglandAmateurs (1906-1940)
IFFHS, Schweiz,Suisse, Svizzera (1905-1940)
IFFHS-Belgique-Belgie (1904-1940)
IFFHS-Norge  (1908-1940), Suomi (1911-1940)-Essti (1920-1940)
IFFHS-Russia (1912-1920), Soviet Union (1923-1940),Polska (1921-1940), Lietuva(1923-1940)
III Fussballweltmeisterschaft 1938 Frankreich, Author Robert Franta
Il Libro Azzuro, Author Walter Perosino, 1998
Il Libro Azzurro del Calcio Italiano, Authors Pericle Pratelli, Pasquale Scardillo, 1974
Ireland on the Ball, Author Donal Cullen, 1993
L’Equipe, L’Equipe de France de Football, la Belle Histoire
L’Equipe-La Coupe Du Monde, Volume 1, 1930-1970
La Historia de los Mundiales (En Primera Persona) - 2014
La Nazionale Italiana, 1978
La Seleccion Nacional, Part I-Con el orgullo a media cancha (1923-1970), By Carlos Calderon Cardoso
Landslaget, Det Norske Fotballandslagets Historie, authors Egil Olsen, Arne Scheie,Per Jorsett, Otto Ulseth, 1997
L'Auto, Issue 13662, May 17, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13663, May 18, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13664, May 19, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13665, May 20, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13680, June 4, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13681, June 5, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13682, June 6, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13683, June 7, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13684, June 8, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13685, June 9, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13686, June 10, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13687, June 11, 1938
L'Auto, Issue 13688, June 12, 1938
L'Equipe de France de Football, L'Integrale des 497 rencontres (1904-1991), Authors J.M.Cazal, Pierre Cazal, Michel Oreggia, 1992
L'Equipe de Suisse, Authors Guy Balibouse, Roger Felix, Pierre Tripod, 1993
L'Equipe Magazine, April 25, 1998, Issue 837
Les Bleus, Author Denis Chaumier, 2004
Les Bleus, Le livre officiel de l'equipe de France, Author Dominique Grimault, 1997
LIBRO DEL FUTBOL, Fasciculo 15, 1974
L'Integrale de L'Equipe de France de Football, Authors J.M. and Pierre Cazal, Michel Oreggia, 1998
Miroir du Football , Issue 130, April-May 1970
Mondial, New Series, Hors Serie 14, 1982, La Glorieuse Epopee De la Coupe Du Monde
Onze-Mondial, Hors Serie 28, June 1998
Onze-Mondial, Issue 55, August 1993
Onze-Mondial, Issue 100, May 1997
Österreichs Fußball Länderspiele Chronik 1902 – 1993, Author Anton Egger
Placar Especial 2006 (1-9)
Rode Duivels & Oranje Leeuwen., 100 jaar Derby der Lage Landen, Authors Ralf Willems, Matty Verkamman, 2001
Schulze-Marmeling D. - Die Geschichte der Fussball-Weltmeisterschaft
se Lvickem na prsou-Authors O.Bartunek, J
Seleccao Brasileira -90 Anos 1914-2004, Authors Antonio Carlos Napoleao, Roberto Assaf
The Boys in Green, The FAI international Story, Author Sean Ryan, 1997
World Soccer, April 1990
Гольдес И.- История чемпионатов мира 1930-1962+
Le Petit Parisien, 5 June 1938 thru 20 Juen , 1938
Coupe Du Monde 1938-La Coupe du Monde Oubliee, Author Victor Sinet
Paris Soir, 5 June 1938 thru June 21st, 1938

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