Monday, September 25, 2017

World Cup Stories-Part 3 (The Third World Cup 1938)-part d

II.   Germany

-German Manager Josef 'Sepp' Herberger had been appointed following the 1936 Olympics replacing Otto Nerz.
He would remain in charge until 1964, for a run of 28 years, the longest in German Football History. His successor would be Helmut Schoen.

Photo From: Deutschlands Fussball Landerspiele, Eine Dokumentation von 1908-1989
(Fritz Szepan and Sepp Herberger)



-On May 16, 1937, Germany defeated Denmark (8-0) in a friendly in Breslau. This squad would be known as ‘Breslau-Elf’. Germany’s core of the 1938 squad would be comprised of these players, that included: Jakob, Janes, Munzenberg, Kupfer, Goldbrunner, Kitzinger, Lehner, Siffling, Szepan and Gellesch.
Note: Breslau is the German language spelling of present-day Polish city Wroclaw. At the time it was still under German control. However, after World War II, it became part of Poland.


Photo From: Deutschlands Fussball Landerspiele, Eine Dokumentation von 1908-1989
(Germany squad, ‘Breslau Elf’, May 16,1937, Germany 8-Denmark 0)


-After the Anshluss (March 12, 1938), Austria’s players would be incorporated into the German squad.
From Austria’s 1934 World Cup squad, Josef Stroh, goalkeeper Rudolf Raftl and Willi Schmaus were included.
Other Austrians to be included were:
Wilhelm Hahnemann, Hans Mock, Leopold Neumer, Johann ‘Hans’ Erik Pesser, Stefan Skoumal and Franz Wagner.
Other Austrians such as Karel Sesta, Camillo Jerusalem and Franz Binder were out of reckoning from the new German team.
Apparently there had been pressure from political front to set the squad up along the ratio 6 x 5 (6 Germans, 5 Austrians).



Photo From: III Fussballweltmeisterschaft 1938 Frankreich, Author Robert Franta
(Hans Mock)



Photo From: III Fussballweltmeisterschaft 1938 Frankreich, Author Robert Franta
(Willibald Schmaus)


-A symbolic friendly was arranged vs. Austria in Vienna on April 3rd, 1938. It was thought that the Austrians were not particularly happy to play in a team with Germans.
This match was billed as ‘Anschlussspiel’, or ‘reconciliation game’.
 It was held one week before the Referendum on April 10th for Austrians joining the German Reich (which was overwhelmingly approved).
The Austrian Football Association (ÖFB) had dissolved on March 28th, 1938 and resigned from FIFA. 
This was an Unofficial match in the annals of both Nations.

Unofficial
Date:  April 3, 1938
Venue:  Wien (Vienna)-Praterstadion
Attendance: 60,000
Referee:  Alfred Birlem (Germany)
Austria 2-Germany 0 (Matthias Sindelar 62, Karl Sesta 70) 
Austria: Peter Platzer (Admira Wien); Karl Sesta (Austria Wien), Willibald Schmaus (First Vienna); Franz Wagner (Rapid Wien), Johann Mock (Austria Wien), Stefan Skoumal (Rapid Wien); Wilhelm Hahnemann (Admira Wien), Josef Stroh (Austria Wien), Matthias Sindelar (Austria Wien), Franz Binder (Rapid Wien), Johann Pesser (Rapid Wien)

Germany: Hans Jakob (Jahn Regensburg), Paul Janes (Fortuna Düsseldorf), Reinhold Münzenberg (Allemania Aachen); Andreas Kupfer (Schweinfurt 05), Ludwig Goldbrunner (Bayern München), Albin Kitzinger (Schweinfurt 05); Ernst Lehner (Schwaben Augsburg), Rudolf Gellesch (Schalke), Hans Berndt (Tennis Borussia Berlin), Josef Gauchel (TuS Neuendorf), Josef Fath (Wormatia Worms)
Coach: Josef  ‘Sepp’ Herberger

-Austrian star Matthias Sindelar asked Herberger not to select him for the World Cup.
Matthias Sindelar was found dead on February 23, 1939. (http://soccernostalgia.blogspot.com/2016/05/mysteries-legends-and-conspiracy.html)

-On May 2, 1938, the decisive phase of the World Cup preparation was entered.
Herberger selected an initial group of 38 players (23 Germans and 15 Austrians) for a training camp in Duisburg, to be whittled down to 22.

The called-up players were:
Goalkeepers: Hans Jakob (Jahn Regensburg), Fritz Buchloh (Mülheim), Rudolf Raftl (Rapid Wien), Hans Klodt (Schalke)
Defenders: Willibald Schmaus (First Vienna Wien), Karl Andritz (Austria Wien), Paul Janes (Fortuna Dusseldorf), Willi Billmann (Nurnberg), Kurt Welsch (Neunkirchen), Reinhold Münzenberg (Alemannia Aachen), Jakob Streitle (Bayern Munchen), Milsch (Troisdorf);
Midfeilders: Johann Mock (Austria Wien), Josef Pekarek (Wacker Wien), Stefan Skoumal (Rapid Wien), Siegfried Joksch (Austria Wien), Andreas Kupfer (Schweinfurt), Albin Kitzinger (Schweinfurt), Ludwig Goldbrunner (Bayern Munchen), Hans Rohde (Eimsbutteler), Wilhelm Sold (Saarbrucken), Franz Wagner I (Rapid Wien);
Forwards: Wilhelm Hahnemann (Admira Wien), Josef Stroh (Austria Wien), Camillo Jerusalem (Austria Wien), Josef Epp (Wiener SC), Leopold Neumer (Austria Wien), Franz Binder (Rapid Wien), Hans Pesser (Wien), Rudolf Gellesch (Schalke), Fritz Szepan (Schalke), Edmund Malecki (Hannover), Josef Gauchel (Neuendorf), Otto Siffling (Waldorf Mannheim), Hans Berndt (Tennis Club Borussia Berlin),  August Lenz (Borussia Dortmund), Josef Fath (Worms), Ernst Lehner (Augsburg).

Due to injury, Adolf Urban (Schalke), Helmut Schoen (Dresden) and Peter Platzer (Admira Wien) did not make the cut.
Adolf Urban had been an integral part of the ‘Breslau-Elf’.
Helmut Schoen would become West Germany’s Manager after Herberger in 1964.

-When experimenting, Herberger (along with Otto Nerz, the former Manager as help) faced a problem in the sense that each team (Germany and Austria) was better by itself but blending the players weakened the team.
The Austrian style was visibly different than Germany’s style.
On May 12, 1938, Otto Nerz asked the Federation in writing to release him from his national duties.
Herberger was to take sole responsibility.

-On May 14, 1938, Germany hosted England at Berlin (the infamous match where English players were forced to make the Nazi salute prior to kick-off.
After the defeat (3-6) against England, there was even more public pressure to include the Austrian players into the German squad.
Herberger chose not to experiment by including the Austrians and instead decided to stick with his ‘Breslau-Elf’ side.
However, he was forced to replace the injured Otto Siffling with Josef Gauchel.
In addition, Johann Pesser, the only Austrian in the side, replaced the injured Adolf Urban.

* Repetitions from a previous entry in the blog relevant to 1938:
English players giving the Nazi salute, 1938
The 1938 friendly between Germany and England in Berlin (May 14, 1938, Germany 3-England 6) is always remembered for the sight of the English players giving the Nazi salute.
It is somewhat unclear as to why the players did it (more importantly who forced them).
According to England Captain Edris Hapgood, he was called in by FA President Stanley Rous and tour leader Charles Wreford-Brown. They told him that after a meeting with the ambassador Sir Neville Henderson, they were instructed to give the Nazi salute prior to the kickoff to avoid any political incidents. (Remember appeasement)
For his part, Stanley Rous claimed that he put the decision up to the players, but did point out that the match atmosphere might be affected by their refusal.
Given the sensitivity of game with the possibility war looming on the horizon, it seems unlikely that the authorities (Football or Political) would have left it up to the players.


Photo From: L'Auto, Issue 13680, June 4, 1938
(German players in Paris) /span>



Germany’s Preparatory matches/ Friendlies ahead of the World Cup:

Date:  February 6, 1938
Venue:  Köln (Cologne)- Müngersdorfer Stadion 
Attendance: 78,000
Referee:  Reginald George Rudd (England)
Germany 1-Switzerland 1 (Fritz Szepan 74 / Georges Aeby 38) 
Germany: Willy Jürissen (Rot-Weiß Oberhausen), Paul Janes (Fortuna Düsseldorf), Reinhold Münzenberg (Alemannia Aachen), Andreas Kupfer (Schweinfurt 05), Wilhelm Sold (Saarbrücken),  Rudolf Gellesch (Schalke), Ernst Lehner (Schwaben Augsburg), Adolf Urban (Schalke), Otto Siffling (Waldhof Mannheim), Fritz Szepan (Schalke),  Karl Striebinger (Rasenspiele Mannheim)
Coach: Josef  ‘Sepp’ Herberger


March 20, 1938
Wuppertal -Stadion am Zoo
Attendance: 20, 000
Referee:  Hans Wüthrich (Switzerland)
Germany 2-Luxembourg 1 (Josef Gauchel 6 pen, 75 / Camille Libar 73) 
Germany: Hans Jakob (Regensburg), Willi Billmann (Nürnberg), Reinhold Münzenberg (Alemannia Aachen), Albin Kitzinger (Schweinfurt 05), Ludwig Goldbrunner (Bayern München), Hans Mengel (TuRu 1880 Düsseldorf), Ernst Lehner (Schwaben Augsburg), Otto Siffling (Waldhof Mannheim), Hans Berndt (Tennis Club Borussia Berlin), Ernst Kuzorra (Schalke),  Josef Fath (Rasensport Wormatia Worms)
Coach: Josef  ‘Sepp’ Herberger


Date:  March 20, 1938
Venue:  Nürnberg-Altes Stadion 
Attendance: 50,000
Referee:  Johannes (John) Langenus (Belgium)
Germany 1-Hungary 1 (Otto Siffling 29 / Geza Toldi 49) 
Germany: Hans Jakob (Regensburg), Willi Billmann (Nürnberg),  Reinhold Münzenberg (Alemannia Aachen), Albin Kitzinger (Schweinfurt 05), Ludwig Goldbrunner (Bayern München), Hans Mengel (TuRu 1880 Düsseldorf), Ernst Lehner (Schwaben Augsburg), Otto Siffling (Waldhof Mannheim), Hans Berndt (Tennis Club Borussia Berlin), Ernst Kuzorra (Schalke), Josef Fath (Rasensport Wormatia Worms) 
Coach: Josef  ‘Sepp’ Herberger
Note: Germany played two matches on March 20th

  
Date:  April 24, 1938
Venue:  Frankfurt- Waldstadion    
Attendance: 54,000
Referee:  Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)
Germany 1-Portugal 1 (Otto Siffling 75 / Artur Sousa ‘Pinga’18
Germany: Hans Jakob (Regensburg), Paul Janes (Fortuna Düsseldorf), Reinhold Münzenberg (Alemannia Aachen), Andreas Kupfer (Schweinfurt 05), Ludwig Goldbrunner (Bayern München), Albin Kitzinger (Schweinfurt 05), Ernst Lehner (Schwaben Augsburg), Rudolf Gellesch (Schalke), Otto Siffling (Waldhof Mannheim), Fritz Szepan (Schalke), Josef Fath (Rasensport Wormatia Worms) 
Coach: Josef  ‘Sepp’ Herberger

May 14, 1938
Venue:  Berlin, Olympia Stadion  
Attendance: 105, 000
Referee:  Johannes (John) Langenus (Belgium)
Germany 3-England 6 (Rudolf Gellesch 20, Josef Gauchel 44, Hans Pesser 77 / Cliff Bastin 15, John Robinson 26, 49, Frank Broome 29, Stanley Matthews 42, Leonard Goulden 85
Germany: Hans Jakob (Regensburg), Paul Janes (Fortuna Düsseldorf), Reinhold Münzenberg (Alemannia Aachen), Andreas Kupfer (Schweinfurt 05), Ludwig Goldbrunner (Bayern München), Albin Kitzinger (Schweinfurt 05), Ernst Lehner (Schwaben Augsburg), Rudolf Gellesch (Schalke), Josef Gauchel (TuS Neuendorf 1911 Koblenz), Fritz Szepan (Schalke),Hans Pesser (Sportklub Rapid Wien)
Coach: Josef  ‘Sepp’ Herberger

-Herberger also had to contend with the final rounds of the German Championship that many of his players were involved in.
Five days before the first World Cup match, the League semi-finals were still on the schedule.

-Three friendlies were scheduled against English club Aston Villa FC as part of the preparations and Austrian players were tested for the new Germany.

May 15, 1938 (At Berlin) 
Germany 2 - Aston Villa 3 (1-1)
Goals:  0:1 Frank Broome (9.), 1:1 Franz Binder (40.), 1:2 Frank Shell (71.), 1:3 Frank Broome (78.), 2:3 Wilhelm Hahnemann (89)
Germany: Rudolf Raftl; Jakob Streitle, Willibald Schmaus; Franz Wagner, Johann Mock, Stefan Skoumal; Wilhelm Hahnemann, Josef Stroh, Franz Binder, Camillo Jerusalem, Leopold Neumer
Aston Villa: Fred Biddlestone; Ernie Callaghan, George Cummings; Alex Massie, James Allen, Bob Iverson; Frank Broome, Freddie Haycock, Frank Shell, Ronnie Starling, Eric Houghton
Coach: Jimmy Hogan
Note: This German team was called “Wiener Elf”, Streitle was the only non-Austrian.

May 18, 1938 (At Dusseldorf) 
Germany 2 - Aston Villa 1 (2-1)
Goals:  0:1 Eric Houghton, 1:1 Josef Gauchel, 2:1 Hans Pesser
Germany: Rudolf Raftl; Paul Janes, Jakob Streitle; Franz Wagner, Johann Mock, Albin Kitzinger; Wilhelm Hahnemann, Rudolf Gellesch, Josef Gauchel, Fritz Szepan, Hans Pesser
Aston Villa: Fred Biddlestone; Ernie Callaghan, George Cummings; Alex Massie, James Allen, Bob Iverson; Frank Shell, Freddie Haycock, Frank Broome, Ronnie Starling, Eric Houghton
Coach: Jimmy Hogan

May 22, 1938 (At Stuttgart) 
Germany 1 - Aston Villa 2 (0-2)
Goals:  0:1 Bob Iverson, 0:2 Eric Houghton (penalty), 1:2 August Lenz (74)
Germany: Hans Jakob; Reinhold Munzenberg, Willibald Schmaus; Andraes Kupfer, Ludwig Goldbrunner, Stefan Skoumal; Ernst Lehner, Josef Stroh, August Lenz, Wilhelm Hahnemann, Leopold Neumer
Aston Villa: William Carey; Ernie Callaghan, George Cummings; Alex Massie, James Allen, Bob Iverson; Albert Kerr, Freddie Haycock, George Pritty, Ronnie Starling, Eric Houghton
Coach: Jimmy Hogan

-Sepp Herberger announced his Final 22 after these matches against Aston Villa.
Adolf Urban, one of ‘Breslau-Elf’ heroes missed out through injury.
August Lenz also failed to make the final cut.
                                          

1 comment:

  1. My Dad Albert Kerr played in the last of the three Villa Matches. It was the start of a great Career.................... lasting one season 38-39, Although he got a couple of Maltese caps when stationed there playing Yugoslavia!

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